Rimba Raya Biodiversity Reserve is located in Central Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo. An area nearly the size of Singapore, it protects one of the most highly endangered ecosystems in the world by forming a vital patrolled buffer zone between the ever-encroaching bulldozers of the palm oil industry and the Tanjung Puting National Park, home to one of the last remaining wild populations of orangutans on earth.
This project aims to preserve 64,000 hectares of tropical peat swamp forest. National forest coverage has drastically decreased over the years, brought about by the clearing of forest for agricultural use. In the project’s absence, the peatland area would be converted to palm oil plantations by logging and systematic draining of the peatland. The ultimate goal of this project is to reduce Indonesia’s emissions and protect the integrity of the Tanjung Puting National Park.
Indonesian wetlands are globally significant as their carbon density and rates of land-cover change are among the highest of any forest type in the world. Indonesian tropical peat swap accounts for half of tropical peat swamp forest in the world, at around 21 million hectares. Today Indonesia loses over 2.5 million acres of forest cover annually. The draining of peatlands and post-fire clearing has propelled Indonesia to be one of the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitters, ranking third despite being a non-industrialised nation.
This project is one of the most highly regarded and ranked in the world, by various expert bodies, including the UN. In September 2020, Rimba Raya was audited and achieved the highest possible rating of contributing to all 17 UN SDGs.
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This project is verified by Verra VCS - an external audit body that certifies climate projects at scale. Verra develops and manages standards that are globally applicable and advance action across a wide range of sectors and activities.