Developing a comprehensive emissions reduction plan entails a structured approach to address Scope 1, 2, and 3 emissions.
First, it's crucial to conduct a thorough emissions inventory, identifying all sources of emissions within the organisation's control (Scope 1), emissions resulting from purchased electricity (Scope 2), and indirect emissions across the value chain (Scope 3). With this baseline data, businesses can set specific, measurable, and time-bound emissions reduction targets based on their unique carbon footprint.
To reduce Scope 1 emissions, companies can prioritise energy efficiency improvements, transitioning to cleaner fuels, and implementing renewable energy sources where feasible. For Scope 2, procuring green energy and improving energy efficiency are key strategies. Addressing Scope 3 emissions often involves collaboration with suppliers to source sustainably, promoting sustainable product usage, and considering remote work policies to reduce commuting.
Regular monitoring, reporting, and transparency are essential for tracking progress and ensuring the effectiveness of an emissions reduction plan. Additionally, engaging employees and stakeholders in sustainability initiatives can drive meaningful change and foster a culture of environmental responsibility.
See below for a brief example of an emissions reduction plan for a service-based, hybrid working company, let’s call it “FlexTech”.
Scope 1 Emissions Reduction
Scope 1 emissions for FlexTech mainly arise from using a fleet of vehicles for employee travel to client sites, and utilising backup generators for power outages. Here's how FlexTech can reduce Scope 1 emissions:
a. Fleet Management: For its employee travel, FlexTech can transition to a greener fleet. Investing in electric or hybrid vehicles can lower carbon emissions from the use of company cars.
b. Renewable Energy: The company can explore cleaner energy sources like biodiesel or solar panels/batteries for its backup power needs.
Scope 2 Emissions Reduction
Scope 2 emissions typically stem from purchased electricity, which is a significant part of FlexTech's operations. To reduce these emissions:
a. Green Energy Procurement: FlexTech can source electricity from renewable or carbon neutral energy providers, or invest in its own rooftop solar array if feasible.
b. Energy Efficiency: Conduct an energy audit to identify key areas of opportunity to use less energy in their office space. Use the results of the audit to implement changes and more energy-efficient technologies such as LED lighting and energy-efficient HVAC systems which can further reduce indirect emissions from purchased energy.